We are here to help you with some basic tips on how to care for your trees and shrubs so that together we can build a beautiful retreat – as close as your own back yard.
Tree care doesn’t have to be a highly technical or complicated subject, since most trees fend for themselves pretty well. By following some “tree basics” it’s easy to promote healthy growth in trees.
·Thoroughly water a tree’s entire root zone during periods of drought with the equivalent of one-inch of water, once every week or two, depending on soil type. Apply slowly to prevent runoff.
·Use caution around trees with de-icers and herbicides.
·Plant improved varieties of trees. Selected varieties have more resistance to common disease problems.
·Remove undesirable, problem trees. Plant desirable trees in their place
Recent studies have shown that surface applications of fertilizer, at the right time of year, can be as effective as deep feeding methods. These surface applications should be timed for late fall or early spring, when tree tops are still dormant yet roots are active. Roots remain active until the soil drops below 40-degrees F and this period includes several weeks after leaf drop in fall, and a few weeks before spring bud break. Therefore, these applications would be considered dormant feedings. Most trees like a 2-1-1 fertilizer analysis, such as a 20-10-10 or 10-5-5. Since it is difficult for phosphorus to move through the soil, we will provide it during the planting. An organic source of phosphorus used is bone meal. Phosphorus promotes rooting, as well as blossoms, in trees that flower.
Tree and Shrub Pruning
The main reasons for pruning ornamental and shade trees include safety, health, and aesthetics. In addition, pruning can be used to stimulate fruit production. Pruning for safety involves removing branches that could fall and cause injury or property damage. Pruning for health involves removing diseased or insect-infested wood, thinning the crown to increase airflow and reduce some pest problems, and removing crossing and rubbing branches. Pruning for aesthetics involves enhancing the natural form and character of trees or stimulating flower production.
Basic Pruning consists of removing dead, dying, diseased, interfering and weak branches, as well as selective thinning to lessen wind resistance. Deadwood up to approximately ½” in diameter may remain within the main leaf area.
Mid-Grade Pruning consists of removing dead, dying, diseased, interfering and weak branches. Deadwood up to 1” in diameter may remain within the man leaf area.
Heavy pruning consists of the removal of dead, dying, diseased or obviously weak branches, 2” in diameter or greater.
Most flowering trees set their blossoms the year before they bloom. Therefore, they won’t bloom if these flower buds are trimmed off the tree. The best rule is to always trim flowering trees within 3 weeks of when they finish blooming. That should prevent you from inadvertently removing buds containing next year’s flower show.